The National Development Plan (NDP) has taken the raw material that is South Africa as it emerges from decades of colonialism, apartheid and inequality, and mapped a way forward. By 2030, it says, we can have a country that we can all proudly call home. It is quite an arduous road to travel, however, and every resident is urged to participate.
Read a summary of the NDP in PDF form (774kb).
Origins of the plan
The government concedes that, though there has been significant progress made over the past 18 years, there is a need for a much faster pace, more action and better implementation of national goals.
According to the National Planning Commission in the Presidency, the NDP was initiated to significantly reduce inequality in South Africa by 2030 "through uniting South Africans, unleashing the energies of its citizens, growing an inclusive economy, building capabilities and enhancing the capability of the state and leaders to work together to solve complex problems".
The NDP was formulated after extensive research and input from tens of thousands of South Africans.
National Planning Commission
President Jacob Zuma appointed the commission in May 2010 to draft the NDP. An advisory body consisting of 26 people, the commission was drawn largely from outside the government, with members being selected for their expertise in key areas. It is chaired by Minister in the Presidency Trevor Manuel, while the ANC’s deputy president, Cyril Ramaphosa, is the deputy chairman.
The commission’s Diagnostic Report, released in June 2011, set out South Africa’s achievements and shortcomings since 1994. It identified a failure to implement policies and an absence of broad partnerships as the main reasons for slow progress. And it set out nine primary challenges:
- Too few people work.
- The quality of school education for black people is poor.
- Infrastructure is poorly located, inadequate and under-maintained.
- Spatial divides hobble inclusive development.
- The economy is unsustainably resource intensive.
- The public health system cannot meet demand or sustain quality.
- Public services are uneven and often of poor quality.
- Corruption levels are high.
- South Africa remains a divided society.
Article continues on pages two, three and four: Demographics, the youth, global trends and the most important aspect of the NDP, namely the goals for South Africa in 2030...